难民

报告:

妇女与艾滋项目的捐助机构索引

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世界妇女与艾滋联合会(GCWA)制作了一份妇女与艾滋项目的捐助机构索引,该索引能帮助致力于发女权利、性别平等、艾滋相关问题的机构发展壮大网络、增加项目资金渠道。

The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS is pleased to share with its members a new donor mapping on women and AIDS. This has been developed as a tool to facilitate the fundraising efforts of those networks and organizations committed to working on issues of women's rights, gender equality and HIV. We hope you will find it useful!

更多阅读(PDF download)>>


Asia Report 编译


机构: The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA)--世界妇女与艾滋联合会


    FHI是一所致力于健康与发展的全球性国际机构,机构通过开展以科学为基础的项目为全世界脆弱人口带来改变。机构拥有2500名来及健康、发展和管理领域的顶级的医生、科学家和技术专家。
从1971年开始,机构在125个国家与1400个机构合作开展工作,其中包括政府、各种组织机构、私营部门和社区。通过开展科学项目,FHI为成千上万的家庭带来福祉,并帮助合作过发展对抗疾病、贫穷和不公的有效方法。

我们的任务:
用可持续的方法提高全世界脆弱人口的生活质量。

我们所秉承的价值:
责任
质量
尊重
透明

网站:http://www.fhi.org/en/index.htm

联系方式:

总部
2224 E NC Hwy 54
Durham, NC 27713 USA
T 1.919.544.7040 
F 1.919.544.7261

华盛顿分部
4401 Wilson Blvd, Suite 700
Arlington, VA 22203 USA
T 1.703.516.9779
F 1.703.516.9781

亚太地区分部
19th Floor, Tower 3
Sindhorn Building
130-132 Wireless Road
Kwaeng Lumpini, Khet Phatumwan
Bangkok 10330, Thailand
T 66.2.263.2300
F 66.2.263.2114

媒体联络: media@fhi.org
出版物联络: publications@fhi.org
与FHI合作: contact@fhi.org
网站管理: webmaster@fhi.org
工作机会: CareerCenterSupport@fhi.org

组织:

The Open Society Foundations

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  投资家和慈善家George Soros1984年成立开放社会基金会(The Open Society Foundations)。项目活动遍及美洲、欧洲、亚洲、非洲和南美洲。基金会通过推动建立完善的政治、法律和经济系统来塑造健全的公共政策。

 

网址:http://www.soros.org/

 

联络方式:

Open Society Foundations
400 West 59th Street
New York, NY 10019, U.S.A.
Tel. 1-212-548-0600
Fax. 1-212-548-4600

组织:

IRIN

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IRIN是全球知名的人道主义网络新闻媒体,其新闻以及分析报道涵盖世界多数未经报道以及被忽略的地区。IRIN为世界各地超过100万的读者提供第一线的人道主义报道。

根据2008年全球市场营销公司ACNielsen调查,IRIN被读者选为人道主义新闻来源的首选网站,其报道广泛用于计划、倡导、政策发展的制定。

根据IRIN统计,网站主要读者52%为人道主义工作者,就职于各个国际/本国非政府组织,联合国、政府、资助方、人道主义与发展咨询公司。25%的读者来自学界,包括学者、老师、研究人员、分析员、智库、学生。9%的读者为媒体从业人员。14%为其他从业者,包括公司员工、私营者、军人等。

 

网址:http://www.irinnews.org/

卫理公会联合救灾委员会(UMCOR)是联合卫公理会下一个非营利性的全球人道救援机构。包括美国在内,UMCOR在世界80多个国家实施项目。以宣传耶稣教义为基础,该机构以减少人类痛苦为工作重点,无论这种痛苦来自于战争、冲突或是自然灾害。

 

UMCOR和本土机构合作,共同致力于帮助生还者重建家园,帮助其恢复生计以及身体健康。UMCOR的项目范围主要包括:消除贫困和饥饿、可持续农业、国际和国内紧急救援、难民和移民问题、全球健康问题、过渡性发展等。

 

网站:http://new.gbgm-umc.org/umcor/

 

联系方式:
United Methodist Committee on Relief
地址:475 Riverside Drive, Room 1522, New York, NY 10115
电话: 212-870-3951
Email umcor@gbgm-umc.org

UMCOR International Field Offices (NGO)
地址:475 Riverside Drive, Room 1530
电话: 212-870-3552
传真: 212-870-3508
Email umcor_office@umcor.org

 

组织:

Development Connections (DVCN)

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Development Connections (DVCN)是一个咨询机构,为促进社会公平和人权发展的发展议案提供技术支持。

我们的任务是通过功能公共政策倡导、能力建设和人力资源交流来改进社区生活质量。

我们通过提供服务,与政府、公民社会团体、大学、媒体、地区网络和国际机构合作来实现我们的愿景。

DVCN主要工作范围:健康和生命安全、性别平等、儿童和青少年发展、老年人、防止暴力、移民和人口贩卖、生育与性健康、艾滋病。

网站:http://www.dvcn.org/

 

地址:1629 K Street NW, Suite 300 Washington D.C. 20006, United States of America

电话: (202) 466-0978

The United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on HIV & AIDS passed a Declaration of Commitment in 2001 and Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS in 2006 to fight against the spread of HIV. In the Declaration member countries committed to regularly submit a country report, every two year. ARAM Asia organized a capacity building workshop to enhance the understanding on UNGASS reporting mechanisms and to mobiles advocacy efforts in respective countries. After the capacity building workshop majority of members became very active in implementing the work plan developed in the workshop to meet the objectives.  Following is the summary of member's engagement at national level which shows the momentum developed and successful advocacy efforts for the purpose.

 

Summary of Member's Engagement at National Level to Implement Planned Advocacy Strategy  

The Capacity Building Workshop on the UNGASS Reporting Mechanisms for CARAM Asia Members in South Asia as well as in Southeast Asia who are members of Migration, Health & HIV Task Force was very successful in enlightening members on the concerned issues and ways of getting involved in reporting process at government level and with UNAIDS team in their respective countries.  During the workshop different obstacles were identified which need to be addressed to pursue the UNGASS reporting process for the inclusion of migrant workers HIV issues in the report.  The participants developed a work plan comprised on advocacy activities to address the identified obstacles and to get involved into the process. 
  After the workshop in Nepal on 5th and 6th December 2009, most of the members were very active in implementing advocacy activities and approaching National AIDS Control Programmes, relevant government agencies and UNAIDS in their countries to met the objectives.  Members are still engaged in advocacy measures; however some of the shared country-wise details of taken actions are given below:


Bangladesh
  OKUP has approached the Programme Manager at National AIDS and STD Programme working under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of Bangladesh.  Mr. Shakil from OKUP discussed with him the matter related to inclusion of migrant workers' HIV & AIDS issues into the report.  OKUP is also in contact with concerned officers at UNAIDS in Bangladesh to advocate for the inclusion of migrant worker's issues into the National Strategic Plan and had informal discussion on UNGASS reporting matters. 

 Additionally OKUP has conducted a situation assessment study on HIV preventive education for labour migrants commissioned by IOM in collaboration with UNAIDS. The research results provide a substantive ground to have an advocacy meeting to promote the HIV issue of labour migrants.

 

 Rights Jessore issued a press release on the occasion of International Migrants' Day (18th Dec) and included related issues from joint statement developed in the workshop for media advocacy. 
SHOSTI is also in process of submitting CARAM Asia Policy Brief on Mandatory Testing and Joint Statement to high level government officials as advocacy efforts.

 


Cambodia, CARAM Cambodia
  The resource person Dr. Kem Ley is a consultant for government of Cambodia to lead the process of writing UNGASS report for the country.  While sharing his experiences he also learned about migrant's issues and included the subject into his report and shared the Cambodia UNGASS Report-NCPI with CARAM Cambodia and all other concerned members.  The achievements, challenges and recommendations concerning to the rights of migrant workers and mobility were included into the report. 


Indonesia
SP and UNIMIG
  On 18th January 2010, SP and UNIMIG have joined as new members of UNGASS FORUM Indonesia. To push for the inclusion of migrant worker's issues into national UNGASS report.  The CARAM member's participation has resulted in a development that migrant workers issues will be included in the UNGASS report of Indonesia. 

 Additionally UNGASS Forum Indonesia planed to submit a parallel report of UNGASS-Indonesia, for that SP and UNIMIG arranged to have a meeting with the coordinator of UNGASS Forum Indonesia to discuss especially about migrant workers issues. 

  The CSO Forum decided to write a shadow report on UNGASS 2010.  SP made sure the inclusion of migrant worker's issues in the shadow report which covers various concerned areas on the subject.  Being member of CSO Forum, SP received invitation to attend a meeting organized by NAC to share the country report prepared by Indonesian government and get inputs on migrant worker's HIV & AIDS related issues. 

 
Japan, SHARE
  SHARE identified lead CSOs in Japan working for UNGASS which include [Africa Japan Forum (AJF), Japan AIDS & Society (JAS), Japanese network of people living with HIV/AIDS (JaNP+)].  They networked with other CSOs [SHARE, CHARM, and CRIATIVOS] working on migrant rights and HIV to include migrant's HIV & AIDS related issues in UNGASS 2010 report.  

 

Sri Lanka, CDS
CDS is flagging the concerns on migrant worker's HIV related issues to the UNGASS working group same as CARAM's concerns.  Due to efforts currently there is some mention on MWs in the NCPI part B; however that is not at the larger policy level.


Thailand Raks,  Thai Foundation

For the UNGASS reporting - Raks Thai Foundation is involved in the sub-committee on migrant and refugee populations on the UNGASS report. They have already submitted a "best practices" section and will submit another small section reporting on their work under the PHAMIT Project and other relevant statistics as available.


Vietnam, IHED

Following the discussion on Advocacy measures in the UNGASS training workshop, IHED in Vietnam  carried out the first two activities:
1. Identified the lead CSOs in Vietnam on UNGASS reporting: ISDS (Institute for Social Development Studies - its website is http://www.isds.org.vn) and UNGASS civil society forum in Vietnam

(its website is http://www.vcspa.org.vn/DetailIntroduction.aspx?IntroID=4) 
2. IHED have sent them registration form to be one of their forum's members. This will take some time, but IHED can meet all their requirements for registration, so IHED can network with them.

 

The Gulf is a major destination for migrant workers, particularly those from Southern Asia and South East Asia. Gulf countries are also widely known for the consistent and endemic violations perpetrated against migrant workers. When it comes to the death penalty, the number of migrants who are killed by judicial execution is grossly disproportional to the size of their populations. 

Discrimination on the basis of religion, nationality and ethnicity are common human rights violations in most Gulf States. Migrants from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Sudan, Ethiopia, and numerous other countries travel to the Gulf States to work mainly in the domestic work or low-skilled labor sectors. These workers routinely experience restrictions on their freedom of expression, religion and religious practice, access to justice, access to healthcare, the withholding of passports, threats, physical, verbal or sexual abuse, non-payment of wages, as well as unsafe and unhygienic living and working conditions.

 

Conclusion
As this report shows, the weight of the executioner's sword falls heaviest on those who are most vulnerable in Gulf societies. Legal and procedural problems, lapses in implementation of law, judgments of questionable validity, lack of access to support and assistance all contribute to the highly disproportional number of migrant's killed using the death penalty by these states. Justice, as we have seen, is not blind - it knows nationality, race, language and money, and the harshest penalties in are reserved for those among the least able to defend themselves.

Recommendations
To the governments of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia;
• To declare a suspension on judicial executions.
• To uphold and ensure the implementation of the highest standards of judicial practice - including open, free and fair trials
• To ensure access to legal representation for all defendants facing the death penalty
• To provide access to information and translation services for migrants at all relevant legal and governmental institutions.
To representatives of sending countries;
• Sending countries should stop prioritizing remittances over the life, health, happiness, rights and safety of their nationals.
• To establish consular or embassy level presence in Gulf states
• To assign a legal envoy to deal with labour issues
• To provide legal information, assistance and representation to nationals who cannot afford it themselves
• To provide information to all migrants about their rights and the laws of the receiving country in own language

To Local NGO's, social, and charitable organizations;
• To provide assistance to embassy staff in producing and disseminating informational material for migrant workers
• To provide assistance and follow-up support work to migrant workers involved in legal disputes
To media organizations in receiving countries;
• To cease media campaigns inciting racial hatred against migrant workers
• To provide consistent, fair and accurate coverage of migrant issues 



Edited by Asia Report

Weblink:http://www.caramasia.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=858&Itemid=51


Organizations:
CARAM Asia

CARAM Cambodia

Rights Jessore

Rak Thai Foundation

健康环境和发展协会(IHED)

Solidaritas Perempuan (SP)

Union Migrant Indonesia(UNIMIG)

SHARE

CDS



关爱泰国人民基金会于1997年8月15日正式注册成立。自1979年起,基金会一直执行CARE Thailand的项目工作,主要致力于服务泰-柬边境的难民潮。2003年1月,基金会成为CARE International的成员之一。

愿景
一个生活质量、人民权利和社会公平不断改进的公民社会,在那里发展是可持续的,并且人民可以决定自己的命运。

任务
增强贫困和社会边缘社区分析问题、找出解决方案以及参与发展的能力。


网址: www.raksthai.org

地址:185 Pradipat RD. Soi Pradipat 6, Samsen Nai Phayathai, Bangkok 10400 Thailand
电话 : +662 265-6888
传真 : +662 271-4467
Email : info@raksthai.org
组织:

CARAM Asia

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    亚洲CARAM是一个活跃在移民和健康领域的地区性网络。机构成立于1997年并迅速扩展,目前CARAM成员遍及东南亚、东北亚、海湾和中东地区。CARAM也在联合国经济和社会理事会拥有特别咨询地位。CARAM的主要项目领域为参与性行动研究(PAR)、国家和地区倡导、为致力于在移民社区开展工作的NGO和CBO提供能力建设和网络建设。

CARAM愿景

    任何社会中所有人都拥有平等的权利,并能够有尊严地自由选择居住或离开、生活、工作,同时,他们的生活质量也将得到保障。



CARAM 亚洲秘书处

地址:8th Floor, Wisma MLS 31, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman,50100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
电话: +603-2697 0708 / +603-2697 0219
传真: +603-2697 0282
电子邮件: caraminfo@caramasia.org

媒体联络官员: harun@caramasia.org

网站: www.caramasia.org 

亚洲艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织

关于建全联大特别会议汇报机制研讨会的报告

 

      联大特别会议(UNGASS)艾滋病毒和艾滋病的议题通过了2001年承诺宣言和2006年政治宣言以对抗艾滋病毒/艾滋病的传播。各联大会员国在宣言中承诺每两年定期提交一份关于各国的报告。亚洲艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织举办了一个研讨会以对建全联大特别会议汇报机制以及各国在宣传动员方面的努力加强了认识和了解。研讨会之后,大多数的成员国能够积极地执行研讨会制定的计划以实现既定的目标。

 

      以下的总结显示了各个会员国政府的参与所带来的发展势头以及宣传方面的成效。

 

各会员国政府实施宣传战略的总结

 

      为同时也是移民,卫生与艾滋病工作队成员的南亚和东南亚地区亚洲艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织成员举办的关于建全联大特别会议汇报机制研讨会在相关的议题和政府参与报告的过程等方面,成功地启发了上述组织成员以及联合国艾滋病规划署在各个联大成员国的工作团队。会议期间,为将移民工人的艾滋病议题包括在报告中,研讨会提出并确定了需要联大特别会议予以报告的各种问题。为此,与会者并制定了一个以宣传活动为主的工作计划。


   
为了实现既定的目标,大多数成员在2009125日和6日于尼泊尔举办的研讨会后,都非常积极地进行了宣传活动,开始参与全国艾滋病控制计划,与有关的政府机构和其各自所在国的联合国艾滋病规划署机构进行了接触。虽然各个成员国仍处于制定宣传措施的阶段,但仍有以下一些全国范围的行动细节可以用来参考:


孟加拉

 

       移民工人发展计划组织已与孟加拉国政府卫生和家庭福利部所属的全国艾滋病和性病计划的项目执行经理进行了接触。移民工人发展计划组织的Shakil先生与该经理就将移民工人的艾滋病议题包括在报告中进行了讨论。 

 

      此外,在国际移民组织与联合国艾滋病规划署共同委托下,移民工人发展计划组织进行了一项关于艾滋病毒预防教育评估性的研究。研究结果为促进解决移民工人的艾滋病毒问题而将举办的一个宣导会提供了确切的依据。

 

      Rights Jessore于国际移民日(1218日)发表了一则新闻,其中包括研讨会期间制定的与媒体宣传联合声明有关的议题。


   
为了进一步推广宣传,SHOSTI正准备向政府的高层官员提供亚洲艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织有关强制性检测和联合声明的政策简报。

 

柬埔寨


柬埔寨艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织(CARAM Cambodia)

      提供信息的人士Kem Ley博士是柬埔寨政府的顾问,负责该国撰写联大特别会议的报告。提供他的经验的同时,Kem Ley博士也了解了移民的问题并将这些问题纳入了他的报告。 他并且与柬埔寨艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织以及所有其他有关的成员互相交流了联大特别会议柬埔寨部分的报告 - 国家综合政策指数。该报告囊括了与移民工人及其移徙的权利有关的所取得的成就,遇到的挑战以及提出的建议。


印度尼西亚


Solidaritas Perempuan
移民工人工会(UNIMIG)


   
为了促进将移民工人的问题纳入联大特别会议相关国家的报告中,SP移民工人工会于2010118加入了联大特别会议印度尼西亚论坛而成为其新的成员。由于艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织成员的参与,结果导致了移民工入的问题将被纳入印度尼西亚的联大特别会议报告中。

 

      此外,联大特别会议印度尼西亚论坛准备提交一份关于联大特别会议印度尼西亚部分的非正式报告。为此,SP移民工人工会安排了一个与联大特别会议印度尼西亚论坛协调员的会议,专门讨论关于移民工人问题。

     民间社会组织论坛决定撰写一份关于2010年联大特别会议的非正式报告。SP确保了移民工人的问题被纳入涵盖与议题有关各个领域的非正式报告中。 作为民间组织论坛的成员,SP受邀参加了一个由NAC举办的会议,对印度尼西亚政府关于该国的报告以及移民工人与艾滋病有关的问题进行了交流和了解。

 
日本:SHARE


   SHARE
确定了为联大特别会议工作的主要日本民间社会组织, 其中包括非洲日本论坛(AJF),日本艾滋病与社会(JAS),日本艾滋病患者网络组织(JaNP+。他们与其他民间社会组织 [SHARE, CHARM, CRIATIVOS] 构建成了一个网络,在将移民权利和艾滋病问题纳入联大特别会议2010年报告的工作中相互协作。

 

斯里兰卡社区发展服务组织(CDS)


  
艾滋病及迁徙调查行动协调组织一样,CDS就关于移民工人艾滋病的问题向联大特别会议工作组表示了同样的关注。经过努力,尽管国家综合政策指数中的B部分提到了MWs,但是这还不是在重要的政策层面。


泰国Raks Thai Foundation


  
就联大特别会议的报告机制来说,泰国Raks基金会涉及与联大特别会议报告有关移民和难民人口的分组委员会。作为报告的一小部分,该基金会已经提交了一个名为"最佳做法"的章节并且将就其执行泰国移民工人艾滋病防治计划(PHAMIT)的工作以及其他一些相关的统计工作提交另一个章节。

 

越南:健康环境和发展学会(IHED)

 

      经过在联大特别会议举办的培训班里进行的讨论,在越南的健康环境和发展学会实施了所制定的措施中前两项活动:

 

1. 确定了在越南涉及联大特别会议报告机制的主要民间社会组织:ISDS(社会发展研究学会 - 其网址是http://www.isds.org.vn)和在越南的联大特别会议民间社会论坛(其网址是http://www.vcspa.org.vn/DetailIntroduction.aspx?IntroID=4

 

2. 健康环境和发展学会向联大特别会议民间社会论坛递交了成为其会员的申请表。虽然还需要一些时间,但健康环境和发展学会符合政策条件。如此,健康环境和发展学会将能够与其他组织相互进行合作。

 

      海湾地区是移民工人特别是来自南亚和东南亚地区的移民工人的目的地。海湾国家一向以普遍地侵犯移民工人权益而昭著。当涉及到死刑的时候,被司法系统处死的移民人数与其在当地人口的总数不成比例。

 

      对宗教,民族和种族的歧视在海湾国家是普遍的行为。来自孟加拉,印度,斯里兰卡,尼泊尔,巴基斯坦,菲律宾,印度尼西亚,苏丹,埃塞俄比亚以及其他一些国家的移民在海湾国家主要从事家务工作或低技术劳务工作。这些工人通常受到言论自由,宗教自由,诉诸司法和享有医疗保健的限制。他们的护照被扣留,受到身体和语言上的威胁以至于性的虐待。他们收不到工资并且在不安全和不卫生的条件下工作。

 

结论


   
正如这份报告所揭示,在海湾地区最弱势的群体最容易成为牺牲品。法律和程序问题,执法律上的失误,判决是否公正,得不到支持和援助等导致了海湾国家的移民被处死的人数极不成比例。于是我们看到,在这些国家里,司法是有偏见的 - 基于不同的国籍,种族,语言甚至于财富等因素,那些最弱势最无法保护自己的群体往往受到最严厉的对待和处罚。


建议

 

致巴林和沙特阿拉伯

•宣布暂缓死刑
•维护和确保执行司法的最高标准 - 包括公开,自由和公正的审判
•确保所有面对死刑的被告人都能获得律师的援助
•在所有相关的法律和政府机构向移民提供信息和翻译服务

致移民母国的代表

•移民的母国应放弃赚取海外汇款优先于人的生命,健康,福祉,权利和安全的政策
•在海湾国家设立大使或领事机构
•指派法律特使来处理劳工问题
•向负担不起费用的海外国民提供法律信息,援助和代理
•以母国的语言文字向移民工人提供其所在国有关他们的权利和法律方面的信息


致当地的非政府组织,社会以及慈善机构和组织

•协助使馆工作人员准备和发放给移民工人的信息材料
•向涉及法律纠纷的移民工人提供协助和后续援助工作


致移民所在国家的媒体机构和组织
•要停止媒体针对移民工人所作的种族仇恨宣传
•提供关于移民工人问题一贯,公正和准确的报道



Asia Report编译


原文链接:http://www.caramasia.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=858&Itemid=51


组织:

CARAM Asia 

CARAM Cambodia

Rights Jessore

Rak Thai Foundation

健康环境和发展协会(IHED)

Solidaritas Perempuan (SP)

Union Migrant Indonesia(UNIMIG)

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