儿童权益: April 2011的归档

Asia Pacific Regional Consultation on Universal Access
Bangkok, Thailand, 29 March 2011

Call for Political, Financial & Operational Commitments


  30 years into the AIDS epidemic, in the spirit of activism and to honor all those lost to AIDS the participants at the Civil Society Pre-Meeting to the Universal Access Consultation held on 29 March 2011 in Bangkok, Thailand, taking into account the characteristics of the Asia Pacific's concentrated AIDS epidemics and the rights and needs of the Key Affected Populations of people living with HIV, men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who use drugs as well as the crosscutting populations including but not limited young people most at risk for HIV infection, women and girls, mobile and migrant populations, people with disability and prisoners call on the countries of the Asia Pacific to be accountable for by honouring and reinforcing commitments to achieve the Millennium Development Goal target of Universal Access HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for those who need it as agreed to in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001), the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (2006) and ESCAP Resolution 66/10. We urge the countries of the Asia Pacific to take strong position on FTA and come up with strategies to address FTA with different sectors and support different communities to understand the issues so that they can mobilize themselves and generate demands.
Furthermore, we urge all governments to:
·    Strive for higher levels of coverage for HIV treatment, care and support which includes treatment for co-infections of Hepatitis C and TB
·    Protect the manufacture, import or export of life-saving generic medicines
·    Provide human rights based effective HIV prevention interventions that are effective, appropriate and based on the needs of the country's epidemic
·    Develop and implement National Strategic Plans built around services that are human rights based ie equitable, accessible, affordable, comprehensive and responsive to the individual needs of people living with HIV, men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who use drugs and the cross-cutting populations including but not limited young people most at risk for HIV infection, women and girls, mobile and migrant populations, people with disability and prisoners taking into account relevant recommendations from the Commission on AIDS in Asia and the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific.
·    Develop and implement innovative financial mechanisms including a better use of $$ and greater allocations to the community organizations for advocacy and prevention efforts.
·    Eliminate the donor restrictions on some of the essential HIV programs, particularly related to sex work and people who use drugs such as the US pledge on sex work
·    Use indicators that are qualitative ie show impact not only quantitative
·    Act in equal partnership with civil society
·    Advocate that the Global Fund, UNAIDS and others measure grant performance not only based on target achievement and financial reports, but also on the quality of programs implemented. This should be reflected in the preamble.
I. PREVENTION: WHAT WILL IT TAKE FOR KAP TO GET TO 0 NEW HIV INFECTIONS?
National Governments, Donors and Key Affected Populations as well as Others from Civil Society must intensify efforts to meet the prevention and health needs people living with HIV, men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who use drugs and the cross-cutting populations including but not limited young people most at risk for HIV infection, women and girls, mobile and migrant populations by addressing the key economic, legal, social, cultural and technical barriers, which impede effective HIV responses, and to enhance the direct participation of these communities in national, regional and global HIV policy and programming.
1. Governments and donors must base their programming and fund allocations on evidence that is most effective and rights based
·    Ensure that HIV testing adheres to internationally accepted standards that include: informed consent, confidentiality, pre and post-test counseling, along with proper referral to treatment, care and support services
·    Eliminate compulsory detention centers
·    Promote and ensure access to harm reduction services
2. Establish a mechanism for partnership & discussion between lawmakers, civil society and governments.
3. Governments must use human rights approach in HIV prevention programs and policies and decriminalize the most effective HIV prevention strategies
4. Governments must support gender and sexual reproductive health and rights
·    Promote acceptance of sexual diversity in HIV programming and services including women and girls
·    Promote and facilitate the better linkages between sexual and reproductive health and HIV programming
·    Provide and ensure access to comprehensive and targeted sexuality education to young people who are in or out of school.
5. Be Accountable: Honour and reinforce the commitments made to achieve the Millennium Development Goal target of Universal Access HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for those who need it as agreed to in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001), the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (2006) and ESCAP Resolution 66/10.
II. TREATMENT: WHAT WILL IT TAKE TO GET TO 0 AIDS RELATED DEATHS?
People Before Profits: Access to Health and Medicine Must Be Taken Out of Profiteering Mentality. Medicines must be available, accessible, acceptable, and of good quality to reach ailing populations without discrimination throughout the world.
Treatment is prevention: Treatment access, including increased access to HIV, HCV, TB and STI diagnosis and treatment, remains foremost priority for an effective AIDS response. The paradigm of treatment has changed and treatment is now being recognized as one of the most effective prevention tools. Healthcare providers must make a radical change of taskshifting to communitybased sectors in terms of delivering a comprehensive package of treatment, care and support. Correspondingly, treatment literacy must also be scaled up to reflect this.
Implement WHO Guidelines for treatment and access to care: Advocate for more effective ARV regimens with less side effects such as phrasing out d4T and using tenofovir for first-line regimens in addition to sensitizing the public health sector to assure access to testing, treatment and care for key affected populations, young people most at risk, people living with HIV, and their sexual partners.
1. Sustainable access to effective/ affordable/ quality drugs, diagnostics and services has to be assured, including for co-infections Hepatitis C and TB, etc.
2. Ensure sustainable funding stream for community groups to enable independent, meaningful community-driven processes resulting in;
a) Integration of community organizations and organizations of people living with HIV as key members of teams offering testing, counseling, treatment and care; and other modes of service
b) Development of community-driven frameworks for treatment and care.
3. Treatment Literacy 2.0 (A new kind of treatment literacy is needed, to enable community groups to develop more powerful advocacy skills and strategies as part of the move towards implementation of Treatment 2.0)
a) Increase Access to data and knowledge
b) Influence Policy through advocacy
4. Be Accountable: Honour and reinforce the commitments made to achieve the Millennium Development Goal target of Universal Access HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for those who need it as agreed to in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001), the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (2006) and ESCAP Resolution 66/10.
III. LEGAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS: WHAT WILL IT TAKE TO GET TO ZERO HIV RELATED STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION?
Governments must eliminate HIV-specific restrictions on entry, stay and residence to ensure that people living with HIV are not excluded, detained or deported on the basis of HIV status. National laws must stop discrimination and ensure the rights and needs of people living with HIV, men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who use drugs and the cross-cutting populations including but not limited young people most at risk for HIV infection, women and girls, mobile and migrant populations. Countries must eliminate HIV-related stigma and discrimination and reduce gender inequality as called for in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001) and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (2006). When this review is complete there is a need to develop a clear costed way forward to achieve this commitment.
1. In line with international HR norms standards and commitments: Governments must harmonize existing national laws and policies with existing protective laws on education, labour, health etc to ensure UA to HIV prevention, care, treatment and support for KAPs and those most vulnerable people living with HIV, men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who use drugs and the cross-cutting populations including but not limited young people most at risk for HIV infection, women and girls, mobile and migrant populations, people with disability and prisoners.
2. Decriminalization of behaviours: demand the removal of punitive laws that criminalize behaviours, identities, populations and HIV exposure, transmission and the removal of travel restrictions based on HIV status.
3. Protection of rights: protect the individuals rights to privacy, confidentiality, age of consent, access to services and mechanisms for legal assistance, and individuals right to opt out to say yes or no to treatment.
4. Countering Stigma and Discrimination, and Gender based violence: uphold and protect the individual's rights to privacy, confidentiality, consent and access to SRH services and information, and gender equality.
5. Human rights should be mainstreamed into programs, and not as separate initiatives. Specific indicators to measure the promotion of human rights and mechanisms to redress violations of human rights.
6. Empowering community: by ensuring meaningful, active and full engagement in policy and programme development and implementation and monitoring.
7. Be Accountable: Honour and reinforce the commitments made to achieve the Millennium Development Goal target of Universal Access HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for those who need it as agreed to in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001), the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (2006) and ESCAP Resolution 66/10.
IV. FINANCE: WHAT WILL IT TAKE TO BUILD AN EFFECTIVE AIDS RESPONSE IN ASIA PACIFIC?
1. Ensure that funding is allocated to where it will have highest impact: Current funding should be refocused to where evidence shows it will have the greatest impact (e.g. effective community programs for young KAPs)
2. Shift focus from capacity building to strengthening community systems. "We have the capacity, we need to share our knowledge".
3. Ensure that national governments commit to funding their fair share of national AIDS responses. External sources are not sustainable.
4. Accountability for all
·    Service provision must be allocative, technically sound and efficient
·    Provide for proper monitoring and evaluation of organizations, programs and services
·    All private sectors should uphold Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
·    Accountability mechanisms for private sector HIV program deliverers should be strengthened and applied
5. Create mechanisms for civil society to participate in national planning processes, including budget.
6. There must be community driven, comprehensive package of services and programs for effective HIV response.
7. Be Accountable: Honour and reinforce the commitments made to achieve the Millennium Development Goal target of Universal Access HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for those who need it as agreed to in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001), the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (2006) and ESCAP Resolution 66/10.
  

Weblink:http://unaidspcbngo.org/?p=12780

Organization: UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board

方案协调委员会( PCB )是联合国艾滋病规划署的管理机构。它成立于1994年通过的决议联合国经济和社会理事会并在1996年1月开始运作。它由22个有投票权的成员国、10个发起机构和10位非政府组织代表组成(五个地区,每个地区一名代表和一名候补)。

联合国艾滋病规划署是第一个其管理机构中有公民社会的正式代表的联合国项目。联合国艾滋病规划署方案协调委员会( PCB )非政府组织代表团有三重作用,其中之一是客观独立地参加方案协调委员会的工作和决策。
方案协调委员会的职能是

根据《联合国艾滋病规划署方案协调委员会工作方法》中所述,"方案协调委员会( PCB )是所有与联合国艾滋病规划署的政策、战略、财务、监督和评估有关的项目问题的管理机构"。
方案协调委员会拥有以下主要职能:
•根据联大第47/199号决议的条款,为联合国艾滋病规划署确定大政方针和优先事项;
•审核和决定联合国艾滋病规划署的规划和执行情况。为此目的随时了解联合国艾滋病规划署各个方面的进展,考虑执行主任和发起组织委员会(CCO)提交的报告和建议;
•审核和批准由执行主任准备、发起组织委员会审阅的各财政期的行动计划和预算;
•审核执行主任的提案,批准联合国艾滋病规划署的财务安排;
•审核长期行动计划及有关的财政问题;
•审核联合国艾滋病规划署提交的经审计的财务报表
•就如何开展活动----包括主流化活动----支持联合国艾滋病规划署向发起机构提出建议;
•审核评估联合国艾滋病规划署在实现其目标上取得的进展的定期报告。

网站:http://unaidspcbngo.org/?lang=zh-hanshttp://unaidspcbngo.org/?lang=zh-hans

联络:

为迎接6月高级别会议,进展情况报告全面介绍了为帮助各国普及艾滋病毒防治服务、实现零艾滋病毒新增病例、防止歧视行为和消除艾滋病所致死亡所需的各种努力。

2011331,内罗毕讯----联合国秘书长潘基文今天发布的一份新报告称,在艾滋病流行30年后,在防治艾滋病方面所进行的投入正在产生效 果。题为"共同普及:努力实现零艾滋病毒新增病例、零歧视行为和零艾滋病所致死亡"的报告强调:全球艾滋病毒新增病例增长率正在降低,治疗覆盖面正在扩 大,全世界在减少艾滋病毒母婴传染方面大有进展。

2001年至2009年,有33个国家,包括22个撒哈拉以南非洲国家的艾滋病毒新增病例增长率下降了至少25%。 截至2010年底,在中低收入国家中有600多万人在接受抗逆转录病毒疗法。2009年,全球防止艾滋病毒母婴传染服务的覆盖面首次超过50%

报告强调指出,尽管近年来取得了一定的成就,但是成绩仍不稳固。每有一个人开始接受抗逆转录病毒疗法,就有两个人成为新的艾滋病毒感染者。每天有 7000人成为新的艾滋病毒感染者,包括1000名儿童。国家基础设施薄弱,资金缺乏,弱势人口受到歧视等因素仍然是防治艾滋病毒、护理和帮扶艾滋病毒患 者的障碍。

秘书长的报告是根据182个国家提供的数据撰写的,提出了五项重要建议,供将于201168日至10日召开的联大艾滋病问题高级别会议审议。
联合国新闻部及艾滋病规划署联合发布

"在此关键时刻,全世界的领导人可以借助这一独特的机会评价在全球防治艾滋病方面的成就和不足,"潘基文秘书长在肯尼亚首都举行的记者吹风会上说。"我们必须做出大胆的决定,借此显著改变艾滋病防治局面,帮助我们逐步实现新一代人免遭艾滋病毒困扰的目标。"

艾滋病已经流行30年,今天我们必须重振艾滋病防治工作,为在今后的岁月里取得成功奠定基础," 与潘基文一起参加报告发布活动的艾滋病规划署执行主任米歇尔·西迪贝说。"在预防艾滋病毒和提供抗逆转录病毒疗法方面成绩显著,但是,我们必须再接再厉, 不让人们感染病毒----现在比以往任何时候都需要进行一场预防艾滋病毒的革命。"

丽贝卡·奥玛·阿维提,一位携带艾滋病毒的母亲、非政府组织肯尼亚妇女对抗艾滋病协会实地协调员,在记者会上讲述了自己的故事。"受普及运动所赐,我的三个子女出生时都没有艾滋病毒,由于接受了治疗,我也得以看着他们长大,"她说。

动员起来,达成效果

联合国秘书长在报告中就如何加强艾滋病毒防治工作提出了五项建议:

  • 让年轻人发挥能量,发起一场预防艾滋病毒的革命;
  • 重整旗鼓,努力在2015年前普及艾滋病毒防治服务和为艾滋病毒患者提供的护理和帮扶服务;
  • 与各国一道,提高艾滋病毒方案的成本效益、效率和可持续性;
  • 促进妇女和女孩的健康、人权和尊严;
  • 确保在艾滋病毒防治方面相互负责,落实各项承诺。

秘书长呼吁所有利益相关者支持报告中所载的建议,通过落实这些建议实现六个全球目标:

  • 联合国新闻部及艾滋病规划署联合发布
  • 将艾滋病毒的性传播减少50%,包括重要人群,例如年轻人、男性同性恋者和性工作者;防止注射毒品所导致的任何艾滋病毒新增病例。
  • 消灭艾滋病毒母婴传播;
  • 将艾滋病毒携带者的结核病死亡率降低50%
  • 确保1300万艾滋病毒感染者得到治疗;
  • 将限制艾滋病毒携带者入境、逗留和居留的国家数目降低50%
  • 确保因艾滋病而成为孤儿和脆弱者的儿童获得平等的教育机会。

由于目前艾滋病毒救助所获得的国际资金自2009年以来首度出现了下降,该报告鼓励各国,包括有能力支付本国艾滋病毒防治费用的中低收入国家优先安排好艾滋病毒方案的资金。报告还强调必须共担责任及问责制的重要性,以确保今后若干年内艾滋病毒防治资源充足。


组织: 联合国艾滋规划署方案协调委员会

原文链接:http://unaidspcbngo.org/?p=12771〈=zh-hans


组织:

The Open Society Foundations

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  投资家和慈善家George Soros1984年成立开放社会基金会(The Open Society Foundations)。项目活动遍及美洲、欧洲、亚洲、非洲和南美洲。基金会通过推动建立完善的政治、法律和经济系统来塑造健全的公共政策。

 

网址:http://www.soros.org/

 

联络方式:

Open Society Foundations
400 West 59th Street
New York, NY 10019, U.S.A.
Tel. 1-212-548-0600
Fax. 1-212-548-4600

UNICEF--联合国儿童基金会

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    联合国儿童基金会是促进建立一个实现儿童权利世界的主要推动力。我们对全球决策者及基层各类合作伙伴的影响力可将一些富有创意的想法变为现实。这个特性使得我们有别于其他世界组织和从事儿童工作的组织。联合国儿童基金会支持《儿童权利公约》。我们努力确保受歧视的人、特别是女孩和妇女获得平等待遇。我们为实现《千年发展目标》和《联合国宪章》中的承诺而努力。我们为实现和平与安全而奋斗,并致力鼓励每个人对儿童作出的承诺负责任。我们通过国家方案和国家委员会在191个国家开展工作。我们是联合国儿童基金会。

网址:http://www.unicef.org/chinese/index.php

by Kunaldpatel

 "These kids just need a platform to get their views across". These were some of the words amongst the many spoken by Christopher Whitfield on another blazing day in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Over what can only be described as typical Thai fare, brownies and ice tea, Christopher explained to me why he, a photographer from Portland, Oregon, was attempting to work with college students from Chiang Mai. Being a representative of Art Relief International (ARI) he has been sent to Thailand to specifically address some of the issues the gay community face here. Over the last few years the MSM (men having sex with men) group, including transgenders and sex workers, have become increasingly accepted amongst society here. However there are still many difficulties faced by those living at home with families and those who may have been diagnosed with HIV. Stigma and the pain that comes with it still exist even with the continued efforts of MPlus+, an NGO based in Chiang Mai specifically dealing with HIV awareness and the rights of the MSM and gay community.

Working at MPlus+ has allowed me to personally see what Christopher, ARI and Mplus+ have been doing to address some of these issues. Earlier this year, ARI approached MPlus+ in the hope of using the creative arts to work on the issues faced by the gay community in Chiang Mai. Last week I sat in on a session where this collaboration was encouraging local college kids to let their creative juices flow. By using storyboards, a translator and Christopher's eye for imagery, the students came up with a film idea expressing what the young face, even by just being suspected of being gay and not fitting in with the norm. The story revolved around a boy picking up a flower amongst the thousands in a park, smelling it and continuing to hold it. This is construed to be 'atypical' behaviour for a male by the child's parents and he is subsequently beaten with a wooden cane. I will not reveal anymore in regards to the film, as you shall have to see it online, however, the message is clear; even simple gestures that in an ideal society would mean nothing, can mean a lot here.

This film is addressing 'acceptance' and this is an incredibly important issue if Mplus+ is to succeed in aiding the gay community and also spreading HIV awareness. With the cogs turning in terms of keeping mobile HIV clinics maintained, awareness programmes going and fundraising concerts started, all it takes is the non-acceptance of this community to introduce a painfully large spanner in the works. This highlights the need to work on the rights of the MSM/gay community while increasing HIV awareness, simultaneously. One cannot work without the other.

Seeing the film workshop was encouraging, not only in visualising a potential film but also observing how creativity and human rights can work towards defeating two of the most important global health issues we face; stigma and non-acceptance. If this energy were harnessed by big creative companies such as Disney or the BBC, imagine what could be achieved? A gay Woody in Toy Story 4 or maybe an HBO series about a male, Burmese, HIV positive, sex worker? Lets hope many learn from what MPlus+ and ARI are doing, and just maybe next time you turn on your TV, you'll be watching the pilot episode of ' Sex in The City: Chiang Mai'.


Weblink:

http://www.msmgf.org/index.cfm/id/11/aid/3320/lang_id/1

http://www.healthdev.net/site/post.php?s=7728&dm_i=J95,EE3Z,3KKBZR,15DIF,1


Organizations: MPlus+

                      Art Relief International (ARI)


 

组织:

Art Relief International (ARI)

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ARI最初作为Culture Canvas Thailand的一个项目主要关注如何利用创造力和艺术与山地少数民族、缅甸难民、需要帮助的单亲母亲、男同与变性者社区形成网络联系。两年之后改项目成功转型为一个独立的组织,并在以后的发展中逐渐壮大,项目活动现已扩大到为孤儿和残疾儿童提供学习艺术的机会。

 

使命:

通过视觉艺术、舞蹈、音乐和戏剧提高并激发创新认识;

利用艺术作为自我治疗和发现的一种方法;

保护和推广传统的、本土的艺术形式。

 

网站:http://www.artrelief.net/

联络方式:
地址:PO Box 118, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand 50202
电话:泰国:  +66 869 202 451
美国:  +1 850 316 8470
Email:   info@artrelief.net

HIV testing is an important part of a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention and treatment, if it is provided in a way that respects basic human rights. In order to reap the benefits of HIV testing, individuals must freely consent to testing; counseling must be provided before and after testing; and test results must be kept confidential. Moreover, testing should always be linked to programs that provide people who test positive with treatment, care, and support. Governments, health care providers, and program implementers should create a supportive environment that protects people who are HIV-positive from stigma, discrimination, and other negative consequences.

However, there is growing evidence from several countries that pregnant women are being tested for HIV without their consent, adequate counseling, or links to services; couples are forced to take HIV tests before being allowed to marry; and prisoners, people who use drugs, and sex workers are being forced by police to submit to HIV tests against their will.

Such HIV testing practices are taking place largely without any assessment of the human rights implications. To address these trends, the Open Society Foundations have supported researchers and civil society advocates to examine and document the impact of HIV testing policies and practices, and to advocate for methods that uphold human rights and improve health outcomes.

The publications below look at UNAIDS and WHO guidance on HIV testing, as well as local and international laws, and provide information on the impact of HIV testing policies on women and marginalized groups.


HIV Testing and Human Rights

HIV Testing of Pregnant Women and Couples

Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Prevention




Weblink: http://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/law/articles_publications/publications/hiv-testing-20100517

Orgnization: Open Society Foundations

艾滋检测与人权:资料库

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基于尊重和保护人权的艾滋检测是艾滋防治过程中关键的一步。为使艾滋检测受益范围最大化,检测须事先经被检测者同意;检测前后必须提供相关的咨询服务;检测结果必须严格保密。同时,应该为检测呈阳性反应者提供治疗、关爱和支持项目。政府、医疗从业人员以及项目实施者应该为病毒感染者建立一个不受污名、歧视以及其它负面影响的环境。

 

然而,近年来不断有来自多国的证据显示,怀孕的妇女在未被告知的情况下被检测,同时也未获得相关的咨询和医疗服务;夫妻在结婚前被迫进行艾滋检测;警察强迫囚犯、毒品成瘾者、性工作者提交艾滋检测结果。

 

这种置基本人权准则不顾的艾滋检测案例在世界各地大量发生。因此,开放社会基金会(the Open Society Foundation)支持研究者和公民社会倡导者研究和记录艾滋检测政策和相关实践对公众的影响,并以尊重人权以及改善卫生服务为目标,做出积极的倡导。

 

以下是联合国艾滋病规划署和世界卫生组织关于艾滋测试的指导方针、国际和各国相关法律,以及艾滋检测的相关政策对妇女和弱势群体的影响。

 

艾滋检测与人权


艾滋检测--怀孕妇女和夫妻


艾滋预防与抗逆转录病毒治疗


原文链接:http://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/law/articles_publications/publications/hiv-testing-20100517

机构: Open Society Foundations


Statement by

Ambassador Eileen Chamberlain Donahoe

U.S. Representative to the Human Rights Council
on the "Joint statement on ending acts of violence and related human rights violations based on sexual orientation & gender identity"

"We are proud to have taken a leading role on the statement issued today at the Human Rights Council, signed by 85 countries, entitled "Ending Acts of Violence and Related Human Rights Violations Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity."  Human rights are the inalienable right of every person, no matter who they are or who they love.  The U.S. government is firmly committed to supporting the right of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals to lead productive and dignified lives, free from fear and violence.  We look forward to working with other Governments from all regions and with civil society to continue dialogue at the Council on these issues."
The full text of the statement delivered at the Human Rights Council on March 22, 2011 by the representative of Colombia on behalf of 84 countries is provided below:

Joint statement on ending acts of violence and related human rights violations based on sexual orientation & gender identity

Delivered by Colombia on behalf of: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, the Central African Republic, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala,  Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lichtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the former-Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Ukraine, Uruguay,  Vanautu and Venezuela

1.       We recall the previous joint statement on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity, presented at the Human Rights Council in 2006;

2.       We express concern at continued evidence in every region of acts of violence and related human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity brought to the Council's attention by Special Procedures since that time, including killings, rape, torture and criminal sanctions;

3.       We recall the joint statement in the General Assembly on December 18, 2008 on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity, supported by States from all five regional groups, and encourage States to consider joining the statement;

4.       We commend the attention paid to these issues by international human rights mechanisms including relevant Special Procedures and treaty bodies and welcome continued attention to human rights issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity within the context of the Universal Periodic Review. As the United Nations Secretary General reminded us in his address to this Council at its Special Sitting of 25 January 2011, the Universal Declaration guarantees all human beings their basic rights without exception, and when individuals are attacked, abused or imprisoned because of their sexual orientation or gender identity, the international community has an obligation to respond;

5.       We welcome the positive developments on these issues in every region in recent years, such as the resolutions on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity adopted by consensus in each of the past three years by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States, the initiative of the Asia-Pacific Forum on National Human Rights Institutions to integrate these issues within the work of national human rights institutions in the region, the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, the increasing attention being paid to these issues by the African Commission on Human and People's Rights, and the many positive legislative and policy initiatives adopted by States at the national level in diverse regions;

6.       We note that the Human Rights Council must also play its part in accordance with its mandate to "promote universal respect for the protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without discrimination of any kind, and in a fair and equal manner" (GA 60/251, OP 2);

7.       We acknowledge that these are sensitive issues for many, including in our own societies. We affirm the importance of respectful dialogue, and trust that there is common ground in our shared recognition that no-one should face stigmatisation, violence or abuse on any ground.  In dealing with sensitive issues, the Council must be guided by the principles of universality and non-discrimination;

8.       We encourage the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to continue to address human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity and to explore opportunities for outreach and constructive dialogue to enhance understanding and awareness of these issues within a human rights framework;

9.       We recognise our broader responsibility to end human rights violations against all those who are marginalised and take this opportunity to renew our commitment to addressing discrimination in all its forms;

10.  We call on States to take steps to end acts of violence, criminal sanctions and related human rights violations committed against individuals because of their sexual orientation or gender identity, encourage Special Procedures, treaty bodies and other stakeholders to continue to integrate these issues within their relevant mandates, and urge the Council to address these important human rights issues.

 

      联合国人权委员会成员国由经社理事会按区域分配原则选举产生。该委员会初建时只有18个成员国,1979年扩大为43个。1992年第48届会议起,成员增至53个(其中亚洲12个、非洲15个、拉美和加勒比地区11个、东欧5个、西欧和其他国家10个),任期三年。

      人权委员会是联合国系统审议人权问题的最主要机构之一,它的主要职责是:根据《联合国宪章》宗旨和原则,在人权领域进行专题研究、提出建议和起草国际人权文书并提交联合国大会


联合国人权问题相关文件和决议:

http://www.un.org/chinese/hr/expression/hrcomrep.htm

http://www.un.org/chinese/hr/expression/hrcomres.htm


网站:http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/

Salt in a gaping wound

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Thanh Nien News

Vietnam

Tran Tan Tam shrivels up in the arms of his grandmother whenever he encounters a stranger.

He grips her hands tightly and does not respond when I talk to him.

This 9-year-old is not the boy I met just six months ago, shortly after he had been pushed out of school. Parents of his first-grade classmates had threatened to hold their children back from school if they had to share the class with HIV-infected Tam.

Then, Tam had told me that he was saddened by the isolation he was experiencing and that he wanted to go back to school. After a sustained campaign by activists and social workers, and some media attention, he was able to go back to his school in Ho Chi Minh City's Nha Be District.

However, after he returned to school in mid-September, instead of becoming more cheerful, he has drawn into a shell of reticence and is deeply depressed.

"He has become silent since he returned to school," said Pham Thi Hai, Tam's grandmother who has been taking care of him since both his parents died of AIDS. "I have tried many times, but have not been able to get a word out of his mouth."

"He is too depressed to speak out," said Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong, founder of the Xuan Vinh group, a HCMC voluntary advocacy organization that campaigned for Tam's return to school. "It's all because of his growing awareness of an agony he has endured for a long time."

"My teacher often told me not to touch my classmates," Tam said, talking after being prompted by a volunteer with the group who has spent a long time with him. "I was also asked to bring my own bottle of water to class so that I won't have to ask for it from my friends."

His teachers did not help matters. They made him sit alone at the back of the class. At nine years old, that is tantamount to severe punishment, but the school management has shrugged it off, insisting they have not discriminated against him.

"We let Tam sit at the back of the class just because he's taller than his peers [who are all two years younger than Tam]. That's all," said Vo Thi Lai, principal of Trang Tan Khuong primary school. But Lai did not explain why Tam had to sit by himself.

Rough path to school

In 2006, the National Assembly, Vietnam's parliament, passed legislation that made it illegal to discriminate against anyone based on her/his HIV/AIDS status. Under current regulations, children cannot be denied access to school if they or any members of their family are living with HIV/AIDS. The laws also bar employers from firing infected employees, or doctors from refusing to treat someone based on his or her HIV status.

The Vietnamese Health Ministry estimates that there are around 280,000 people living with HIV in 2012, including 5,670 children.

Despite the clear policies and laws, enforcement agencies and advocacy groups have struggled to have HIV-infected students admitted to public schools. Other than parental pressure, the fact is that the schools are also not ready to receive the infected children, activists say.

Phuong said Tam's case was an example. "We have been struggling to get Tam back to school. But it appears to me that what is happening inside the school is not safe enough for him.

"When I asked the school management if they had asked their staff to punish students who discriminated against Tam, they just evaded my question," Phuong said. "They said instead that all the teachers have been told to teach the students how the HIV virus is transmitted and how it could spread. This is really ridiculous. All the students need to know is they should be sympathetic to their HIV-infected friends and that they must not ostracize them."

Lai, the school principal, insisted that she would not tolerate any kind of discrimination in the school. "You can rest assured that Tam has been treated the same as his friends."

Tam's silence tells a different story.

'The best thing'

On March 2, the Cu Chi District People's Committee, the local government, said they would renew efforts to send HIV-infected orphans back to school after a two-year ordeal.

Since September 2009, Thanh Nien Weekly has carried stories about the plight of the children at the Mai Hoa orphanage who have been denied admission to a public school because of the ruckus created by parents of other children.

"We are determined to bring the Mai Hoa orphans back to school in the upcoming school year," said Cao Thi Gai, Cu Chi District's vice mayor. "It's the right thing to do and it is the best thing for them."

Le Truong Giang, deputy chairman of the HCMC AIDS Committee, also said at a recent meeting that the best thing the authorities should strive to do for HIV-positive children is to let them study at public schools.

Phuong, who has been campaigning for dozens of HIV-infected children to go to school since she founded the group 11 years ago, said that normally, she would have concurred with Gai and Giang.

Now, because of Tam, she is not so sure.

"What's the point of sending him to school only to pile more misery on someone already devastated by stigma?"


weblink:http://www.thanhniennews.com/2010/Pages/20110317153234.aspx


Organization: the Xuan Vinh Group


      只要一遇到陌生人,Tran Tan Tam就立刻蜷缩在奶奶的臂弯里。他紧紧抓住奶奶的手,当我和他说话时也并不理会。6个月前我遇到这个9岁的小男孩,那时他刚刚被强行退学。他所就读的一年级班级里同学的家长拒绝让他们的孩子与这个感染了艾滋病的孩子坐在同一教室里。

      之后,Tam告诉我他对这种与世隔绝的经历感到沮丧,想要重新回到学校里。通过社工和活动家们积极地长久地倡导以及在媒体的关注下,Tam终于回到了位于胡志明市Nha Be地区的学校里。

      然而,当他9月中旬再次返回学校时,他并未因此重获快乐,相反变得沉默寡言、更加沮丧。

重回课堂的艰难之旅

      2006年越南议会--国民议会成立法案,宣布对艾滋病患和病毒携带者的歧视是一种违法行为。在此规定下,自身或其家庭成员携带或患有艾滋病的儿童有权进入学校学习。该法案同样禁止用人单位解雇患有艾滋病的雇员,禁止医生因艾滋病而拒绝对病患进行治疗。

      据越南卫生部预计,2012年全国艾滋病患将达28万人,其中5670人为儿童。虽然已有明确的政策和法律规定,但政策执行机构和倡导小组仍然为能让艾滋儿童进入公立学校学习而做出最大的努力。倡导者表示,除了来自其他家长的压力以外,学校本身也并没有做好准备接收受感染儿童。

      Phuong对记者说Tam就是一个例子。"我们一直争取让Tam回到学校,但是就目前情况来看,学校的环境对Tam来说并不安全。"她说,"当我问学校教职是否惩罚那些歧视Tam的学生时,他们并没有正面回答,只是说已通知所有老师对学生进行艾滋病传播途径和方法的知识普及。这很可笑,这些学生应该了解如何去同情自己感染了艾滋的同学,而不是孤立他。"

      该校校长Lai坚持表示她不允许学校存在任何形式的歧视。"你可以确信Tam在学校受到和别人一样的对待"她说。

      然而,Tam的沉默却讲述了一个不同的故事。

"最好的事情"

      32Cu Chi区地方政府--CuChi区人民委员会表示,在经历了两年严酷的考验后,他们决定再次尝试让艾滋孤儿返回学校。Cu Chi区副市长Cao Thi Gai对本报表示:"在下个学年开始时,我们决定让Mai Hoa孤儿重返学校。这么做是绝对正确,也是对这些孩子最好的。"

      胡志明市艾滋委员会副主席Le Truong Giang在最近的会议中也谈到当局应做出努力,让艾滋儿童进入公立学校学习。在经历了11年让艾滋儿童重返学校的倡导工作后,Phoung对记者表示通常情况下,他绝对赞成GaiGiang的意见。可是现在Tam的遭遇却让她不再那么确定了。"对于一个因歧视和污名伤痕累累的孩子来说,把他送回学校如果只为他带来更多的痛苦,那到底这又有什么意义呢?"


Asia Report 翻译


原文链接:http://www.thanhniennews.com/2010/Pages/20110317153234.aspx

 

机构:the Xuan Vinh group

    越南胡志明市的Xuan Vinh小组成立于20019月,是一个由5名专业社工和8名朋辈教育工作人员组成的志愿小组,主要为艾滋病毒携带者提供咨询和心理-社会协助。

 

目标:能力建设;提供全面的服务,改善艾滋病毒携带者及其家庭的生活质量。

 

项目活动:

1.      家庭关爱

2.      营养协助

3.      艾滋病毒携带者俱乐部

4.      培训

 

http://www.unaids.org.vn/othersupport/cmhcm/docs/070125/xuanvinh_ppt_e.pdf


 

加入邮件组: yzdc@asiacatalyst.org

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