泰国

  WAPN+ facilitated a treatment literacy and advocacy training forum in Bangkok, Thailand, at the end of September 2010. The training was attended by 22 participants from 13 countries in the Asia Pacific region.

  Treatment literacy can be defined as understanding HIV/AIDS and all aspects of antiretroviral therapy (ART), including types of ARV drugs, how they work, ARV side effects, treatment adherence, HIV drug resistance and other issues. Treatment literacy is essential to ensuring that people living with HIV are well informed and in a position to participate more actively in treatment, including communicating treatment needs to health care providers.  It is also important to have the knowledge and capacity to hold governments accountable and to ensure they improve the quality and accessibility of health services and the quality of ARV treatment.

The attached report provides a full account of the 3 day forum.

Organization: APN+

Weblink: http://www.apnplus.org/main/Index.php?module=news&news=64


    2010年9月WAPN+在泰国曼谷开展了治疗教育和倡导的培训。来自亚太地区13个国家的22人参加和培训。

    治疗教育包含HIV/AIDS和抗逆转录病毒治疗(ART)的方方面面,例如ARV药物的类型、药效、副作用、治疗坚持度、HIV抗药性,等等。治疗教育能够保证艾滋病毒携带者的知情权,并帮助他/她们积极地参与治疗,例如与医护人员针对治疗需求进行沟通。同时,艾滋病患也需要监督政府,推动其提高卫生服务以及ARV治疗的质量与可达性。


详细信息请参考为期三天的培训报告:Report WAPN TL Training 30 Sep-2 Oct 2010_New.pdf

机构: APN+ - 亚太艾滋病感染者网络



    为期两天的儿童艾滋治疗区域社区论坛于2011年4月22-23日在泰国首都曼谷召开。来自9个国家的35名来自社区、医疗部门、非政府组织、联合国组织的代表出席论坛,共同讨论目前工作中所缺失的知识,并为下一步倡导工作制定战略计划。

本次论坛的目标:

  • 了解儿童在面临感染威胁或已感染艾滋病毒的儿童在治疗和关爱服务中的主要关注点:其中包括预防艾滋母婴传播(PMTCT)的关键作用;婴儿早期治疗所面临的挑战;帮助艾滋儿童获得最佳治疗方案以确保其长期存活;
  • 明确在为艾滋儿童做相关倡导工作中艾滋病毒感染者国家网络、区域性社区和相关组织的作用;

  • 针对小儿科艾滋治疗和关爱服务优先考虑社区倡导活动,并制定相关战略计划,其中包括为促进最佳艾滋儿童治疗和关爱方案提供资源。

 *区域治疗工作小组(Regional Treatment Working Group)是TREAT Asia、亚太艾滋病感染者网络(APN+)、国际治疗准备联合会(ITPC)和无国界医生组织(MSF)的合作平台。

Asia Report 翻译

组织: TREAT Asia
         亚太艾滋病感染者网络(APN+)

原文链接: http://www.apnplus.org/main/Index.php?module=news&news=63


Regional Community Forum on HIV Treatment in Children, Bangkok, Thailand.

Forum organizer:  Regional Treatment Working Group*
Forum dates:  22 and 23 April 2011
Location:  Bangkok, Thailand
 
The Forum

A two-day Regional Community Forum on HIV Treatment in Children bringing together key stakeholders from the region (35 participants, 9 countries) providing an opportunity for discussions between community partners, medical providers, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies to identify knowledge gaps and propose advocacy strategies for next steps.
 
 Objectives:
·    Understanding key issues in the care and treatment of children exposed to and infected with HIV, including the critical role of PMTCT, challenges of early infant diagnosis and access to optimal treatment options for ensuring the long-term survival of children living with HIV;
·    Identifying the role of national networks of people living with HIV and of regional community and supporting organizations in advocating for the needs of children living with HIV; and
·    Prioritizing and strategizing community advocacy activities around pediatric HIV treatment and care, including resource needs for promoting optimal treatment and care for children living with HIV.

* Regional Treatment Working Group is a partnership platform of TREAT Asia, Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (APN+), International Treatment Preparedness Coalition (ITPC) and Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) - Access Campaign

Organization: TREAT Asia
                       Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (APN+)

Weblink: http://www.apnplus.org/main/Index.php?module=news&news=63
 

Thailand's development has progressed considerably mainly due to the spread of capitalism. It has negative impacts on Thai society, especially families, which are the smallest unit in the society. A great number of families are being unavoidably affected, and family members are struggling to make a living in order to survive in society, and to keep pace with the expansion of consumerism which has become more fiercely competitive. Children and young people are increasingly more vulnerable, because their parents do not have tine to look after them or their parents have marriage problems, which eventually lead to divorces. As a result, children do not want to stay home, and decide to run away from home and wander around

It is estimated that Thailand has more than 30,000 homeless children.

 Chiang Mai is Thailand's 2nd largest city, and it is affected by impacts of capitalism as well. The fact that Chiang Mai is promoted as a tourist city has attracted those living in other provinces including homeless children to migrate to Chiang Mai. In addition, indigenous people living on the mountain or along the border are also migrating to Chiang Mai in hope to get a job. Children have been exploited by adults to make money; such as begging for money, selling flower or souvenirs to both Thai and foreign tourists. This can be seen at night on the street.

Volunteers for Children Development Foundation(VCDF), a Chiang Mai-based non-profit organization produced a video presenting the living condition of homeless children in Chiang Mai and the HIV infection among them, in order to raise the awareness of the promotion and protection of homeless children in Thailand.

Watch the video: http://vimeo.com/14732061

Organization: Volunteers for Children Development Foundation(VCDF)



    泰国在资本主义经济发展中取得了巨大的进步,但同时也遭受了很多负面影响,特别是对于很多泰国家庭来说,作为最小的社会单元无可避免地受到影响,激烈的竞争迫使许多人为了生存疲于奔命。由于很多家长缺乏时间或出现婚姻问题,许多儿童离家出走,儿童和年轻人在独自面对社会时显得尤为脆弱。

  据估计,泰国流浪儿童数量超过3万人。

    清迈是泰国第二大城市,作为主要的旅游城市,清迈吸引了包括流浪儿童在内的很多移民。另外,很多居住在泰北山地和泰缅边境地区的少数民族也为了寻找工作机会移居清迈。成年人利用儿童作为赚钱工具,例如逼迫他们上街乞讨、向国内外游客兜售鲜花或纪念品,这在清迈晚上大街小巷都能看到。

    泰国儿童发展基金会(Volunteers for Children Development Foundation)拍摄并制作了纪录片,关注泰国清迈流浪儿童艾滋感染情况,希望借此唤起社会公众对该脆弱群体的关心和关注。

观看视频:http://vimeo.com/14732061


Asia Report 编译

机构:Volunteers for Children Development FoundationVCDF--泰国儿童发展基金会

     VCDF是致力于儿童现状与发展的泰国非政府组织,该机构也是清迈省儿童保护委员会的关键成员之一。VCDF成立于1997年,成立之初为流浪儿童收容所,与联合国儿童基金会合作,为流浪儿童提供职业技术培训。2001VCDF的项目扩展到泰缅边境美塞。同时,在清迈该机构也与其它合作机构开展流浪儿童调查项目和终止儿童从事色情行业项目。2004年,VCDF制作了泰语版的流浪儿童干预手册;2005年与联合国儿童基金会合作开展流浪儿童艾滋防治项目;2007年开展流浪儿童艺术与手工艺培训项目,2007年底基金会所开办的收容所为超过120名流浪儿童提供服务。

 

网站:http://www.vgcd.org/Index/ENGindex.htm

 

联络方式:

英语联络 : VCDF.Thailand@gmail.com

泰语联络 : vgcd36@yahoo.com

电话:
+011-6681-179-5013 (
英语)

+011-6689-850-6683 (泰语)

 

缅甸人权教育中心(HREIB)是一个为草根机构和社区领导人提供一系列人权培训和倡导的非政府组织(NOG)。我们致力于建立一个和平、民主、公正的社会,缅甸的所有人民能够拥有批判性人权意识,享受自由的政治和社会空间。HREIB是一家在泰国合法注册的基金会。


G.P.O Box 485,Chiang Mai 50000, Thailand.
email : hreburma@loxinfo.co.th

The Nation

    泰国公共卫生部正为实现零艾滋病毒新增病例、防止歧视行为和消除艾滋病所致死亡的目标而积极采取行动。公共卫生部部长Jurin Laksanawisit 对媒体表示:"例如,我们每年为学生提供16-30个小时的性教育。我们也为包括性工作者和男同性恋者在内的高危群体提供友好的服务。"

    这三个目标与联合国艾滋规划署的指导方针保持一致。艾滋病患者在感染初期接受医疗救治能够促进自身健康的维持。通过全民医保、社会保险和公民医疗关爱方案,每个人及其家庭每年都能接受两次免费的免疫缺陷病毒测试。过去规定只有CD4细胞低于200的患者能够接受抗逆转录病毒药物,这一数值目前升至350。

    国家医药保障办公室对今年艾滋免费治疗的投入达29.9亿泰铢,较涨于去年27亿的预算。"我们为海外工人提供免费治疗",官员表示:"为实现防止歧视行为的目标,我们要求雇主在吸纳新员工时不得强迫他人进行艾滋病毒检测。

    据估计截止去年泰国艾滋病毒携带者达116万人,其中14.4万人去世。泰国每年新增感染者10850人,其中33%为男同性恋者;28%为家庭主妇,通过丈夫或固定性伴侣感染病毒。通过伴侣感染艾滋病毒的男性占10%,通过性工作者感染的男性也占10%。另外,感染者中9%为毒品成瘾者,7%为随意发生性行为者。4%为性工作者,她们大部分年龄处于15-49岁之间,通过男性顾客感染病毒。


Asia Report 编译

原文链接: http://groups.google.com/group/aids-beyond-borders/browse_thread/thread/6d24395b8a7c18e9?pli=1

Source: The Nation

The Public Health Ministry and its allies are implementing many measures to achieve the goals of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero Aids-related deaths.

"For example, we have provided 16 to 30 hours of sex education to students each year. We have also provided friendly services to people in at risk groups including sex workers and homosexual men", Public Health Minister Jurin Laksanawisit said yesterday.

The three targets are in line with the guidelines set by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.

AIDS patients are now receiving medical treatment at an earlier stage to make it easier to maintain their health. Antiretroviral drugs used to be prescribed only after the CD4 cell count dropped below 200, but now the threshold is 350.

Everyone and their families can get free tests for the immunodeficiency virus twice a year under the universal healthcare, social security and civil service medical care schemes.

The National Health Security Office's budget for free Aids treatment has been boosted to Bt2.99 billion this year from Bt2.7 billion last year.

"We have also provided free treatment to alien workers suffering from Aids," he said.

"To ensure zero discrimination, we don't allow employers to subject their employees to HIV blood tests before recruitment."

About 1.16 million people were estimated to be HIV positive last year, of whom 644,000 have died.

The country sees about 10,850 new HIV infections each year, 33 percent of which are in sexually active homosexual men and 28 percent in housewives contracting the virus from their husbands or regular sex partners.

Men contracting HIV from spouses accounted for about 10 percent of the new infections, while men contracting the virus from sex workers also accounted for 10 percent. Of the new infections 9 percent were found in people who injected drugs and 7 percent in those engaging in casual sex. Sex workers - mostly 15-49 years old - who were infected by male customers were 4 percent.

The ministry will host a national conference on Aids from March 29-31 at Impact Muang Thong Thani with the aim to help prevent the spread of HIV and build public awareness of Aids patients' rights. Some 3,500 people have registered to attend.


 

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