意见


无论在加拿大还是全球其它地区,证据与人权,而非不断扩大的监狱,才是毒品政策成功的关键。

2011年6月2日

    本报告署名机构共同见证了全球毒品政策委员会于近日发布的重要报告。该报告具有里程碑的意义,因为它不但宣告了"向毒品宣战"运动的失败,同时也对世界各国的政治领袖提出一系列建议,敦促其以证据和权力为基础制定毒品相关政策。

    本报告号召各国政府:
1.    停止对那些未对他人产生伤害的毒品成瘾者的刑事惩罚和污名化。
2.   试用多样化的法律条例对目前违禁毒品进行试验,特别是大麻类毒品。
3.   保证各种治疗和降低危害方法的可用性,特别是那些在欧洲各国以及加拿大已获得成功的。

全文阅读(PDF): http://www.aidslaw.ca/publications/interfaces/downloadFile.php?ref=1886

组织: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network - 加拿大艾滋病毒/艾滋病法律互助中心



 

Evidence and human rights -- not swelling prisons -- are critical to sound drug policy, both here and abroad!

 

June 2, 2011 -- We, the undersigned organizations, welcome today's release of a landmark report by the Global Commission on Drug Policy. It not only denounces the "war on drugs" as a failure but also puts forth a series of major recommendations for political leaders worldwide to adopt evidence- and rights-based approaches to drug policy.

The Commission represents the most renowned group of international political leaders ever to speak in a unified voice against the so-called "war on drugs." The authors recognize that it is ultimately a war on people, and especially on people with addictions. The Commission's report makes the case for alternatives to imprisonment for people who use and sell drugs and for a public health approach to drug use and addiction. As well, the Commission's report also calls for a more profound "paradigm shift".

Specifically, the report calls on governments to: 

  • end the criminalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others;
  • experiment with various models of the legal regulation of currently-prohibited drugs, especially cannabis; and
  • ensure the availability of a variety of treatment methods and harm reduction measures that have proven successful in many European countries and also in Canada.

 

The Commission's call reflects the arguments that we have made for many years for a humane and rational public policy regarding drugs in Canada. Indeed, the timing of the release of the Commission's report could not be more opportune for our country. Currently, the Supreme Court of Canada is deliberating the fate of Insite, the supervised injection site in Vancouver. Various published evaluations provide overwhelming and incontrovertible scientific evidence that Insite is both cost-effective and humane in meeting its objectives of preventing death and disease among some of those people who are most vulnerable. Such critical health services should be expanded, not threatened with closure.

 

Yet, in the name of getting "tough on crime," an omnibus crime bill package -- which includes mandatory minimum sentences for certain drug offences -- is also likely to be presented in Parliament this month. Its passage will result in a large increase in the number of people in prison, many of them for drug-related offences. Yet the billions of dollars of taxpayers' money to be spent on more prosecutions and punishment will do nothing to reduce drug use or drug-related crime.  Instead, it will contribute to unnecessary suffering for individuals, families and communities. This has been well illustrated in other countries with such laws, such as the United States, and will further damage public health by contributing to the spread of blood-borne diseases such as HIV and hepatitis C, including in prisons. These are exactly the sort of measures that have been internationally denounced with the release today of the Commission's report.

 

Canada would do well to heed the conclusions and recommendations of the esteemed members of the Global Commission on Drug Policy and see how policies based on evidence, human rights and public health are key to a sensible and successful approach to drug use in Canada.


Read the report:http://www.aidslaw.ca/publications/interfaces/downloadFile.php?ref=1886


Organization: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network


CAMPAIGN BRIEFING
June 2011
INTRODUCTION

The International HIV/AIDS Alliance (the Alliance) believes that all communities have the right to equal access to high quality prevention, treatment and care services. This includes communities who are most marginalised, such as sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender people and people who inject drugs.

As world leaders prepare to meet in June at the 2011 UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on AIDS, the Alliance has released this campaign briefing which provides an analysis of how national AIDS responses are failing in their prevention efforts for key populations.

It includes:
1. an OVERVIEW of the data provided to the United Nations,
2. the RELEVANCE of key populations and targeted prevention programmes,
3. an ANALYSIS of country reports, and
4. recommended SOLUTIONS which are based on the Alliance's experience of supporting communities who are at higher risk of HIV infection for the last 17 years.


Full text of article available at link below
http://www.whatspreventingprevention.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/UNreportskeypopulations.pdf


各国政府抗击艾滋运动的失败之处

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    国际艾滋联盟(The International HIV/AIDS Alliance,简称"联盟")认为所有群体,包括那些处于社会最边缘的例如性工作者、男男性行为者、跨性别者和毒品成瘾者,都有相同的权利接受高质量的预防、治疗和关爱服务。

    在联合国高级别艾滋全体会议于2011年6月召开之际,联盟发布一份倡导概要,分析各国政府在抗击艾滋的过程中如何忽略了关键人群的需求和愿望。

    该报告包括以下几部分内容:

    1. 总览联合国所提供的数据
    2. 预防项目与关键群体之间的关联度
    3. 各国报告分析
    4. 以联盟过去17年与高危群体合作的经验为基础,提供意见与解决方案。

报告全文(PDF)>>



Connect with the unaids pcb!

  Established in 1994 by a resolution of the United Nations Economic and Social Council and launched in January 1996, UNAIDS is guided by a Programme Coordinating Board (PCB) with representatives from 22 governments from all geographic regions, UNAIDS Cosponsors, and representatives of non-governmental organizations, including associations of people living with HIV.

  The Global Forum on MSM & HIV (MSMGF) was nominated to serve on the PCB NGO Delegation from January 1 2011 to December 31 2012 representing non-governmental organizations in North America. The MSMGF is represented on the UNAIDS PCB by its Executive Officer Dr. George Ayala who will serve as the North American NGO Delegate along with Ms. Ebony Johnson from the International Community of Women with HIV/AIDS (ICW).

  The NGO Delegation to the Programme Coordinating Board hosts a great website with useful information for advocates and wider civil society (NGO Delegation Website). The UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board also has an official website with important information (UNAIDS PCB Website). You can access the Terms of Reference for the NGO Delegation here.

  The purpose of this page hosted by the MSMGF is to provide information and updates regarding PCB business for the benefit of MSM constituents both in North America and around the world. We invite you to take advantage of this opportunity to learn more about how the United Nations responds globally to the AIDS epidemic, to participate in active discussions and to engage with the MSMGF so that we as a global advocacy community can work together to keep UNAIDS accountable in their efforts to scale the HIV response on behalf of men who have sex with men and other key populations.

  If you have any feedback, comments or questions regarding this page, please contact the MSMGF at unaidspcb@msmgf.org.


Organization: MSMGF(The Global Forum on MSM & HIV )


Weblink: http://www.msmgf.org/index.cfm/id/261/UNAIDS-PCB/


    联合国艾滋规划署项目协调委员会(UNAIDS PCB)于1994年由联合国经济与社会理事会成立,1996年1月正式启动。PCB由22个国家政府成员、联合国艾滋规划署发起人、包括艾滋病毒携带者在内的非政府组织代表构成。

    MSMGF与2011年1月1日被提名为北美地区NGO代表,为PCB服务,任期至2012年12月31日。

    PCB的NGO代表负责管理NGO Delegation网站,为公民社会和倡导者提供有用的咨询。联合国艾滋规划署项目协调委员会(UNAIDS PCB)也在其官方网站(UNAIDS PCB Website)上发布重要的咨询。

    MSMGF所负责的本门户网站主要关注PCB在北美和全球其它地区所开展的、与男男性行为者(MSM)相关的项目事宜。我们邀请您利用这个机会学习与了解联合国在全球范围内对抗击艾滋流行所作出的努力,并且参与我们的讨论,与MSMGF携手共同开展全球倡导,确保男男性行为者与其他关键感染人群在UNAIDS抗击艾滋的过程中获得足够的关注和重视。

    如果您对我们的工作有任何疑问、建议或反馈,请与MSMGF联系:unaidspcb@msmgf.org

机构:MSMGF(The Global Forum on MSM & HIV )- 全球男男艾滋病论坛


更多信息请浏览: http://www.msmgf.org/index.cfm/id/261/UNAIDS-PCB/


Asia Report 翻译

On the eve of the 2011 high level meeting on HIV/AIDS, the Independent Reference Group  to the United Nations on HIV and Injecting Drug Use calls for Member States to scale up  evidence-based interventions to address HIV among people who inject drugs .  Although injecting drug use continues to fuel the HIV epidemic in many countries, particularly in Eastern Europe and Asia, the majority of people who inject drugs remain unable to access quality HIV prevention or treatment.  There are an estimated 16 million people who inject calls on Member States to commit to an evidence-based and rights-based public health approach to reach universal access to quality HIV prevention and treatment for people who inject drugs and to revise punitive drug policies that counteract and undermine public health and human rights.  More specifically, the Reference Group calls on countries to:

 

1.       Improve engagement with people who inject drugs in shaping responses to HIV/AIDS.

 

2. Support a public health, rights-based approach to HIV programming that recognizes that access to life-saving, proven interventions for the prevention and treatment of HIV is a human right for all people, including people who inject drugs. 

 

3. Urgently implement and/or scale up the comprehensive package of nine interventions outlined in the WHO, UNODC and UNAIDS technical guide for the prevention and treatment of HIV among people who inject drugs.

 

4. Remove legislation and policies that prevent the introduction or inhibit the delivery of these nine interventions. 

 

5. Commit to ending punitive law enforcement approaches to injecting drug use.

 

6. Improve integration of HIV services with treatment for drug dependence

 

7. Commit to treating health conditions that co-occur alongside HIV among people who inject drugs.

 

8. Gather data to enhance the response to HIV among people who inject drugs.

 

 

As Member States prepare for the 2011 High Level meeting, the Reference Group would like to refer members to the 2010 Consensus Statement which forms the basis for this call to action.  This statement was developed by the Reference Group at the request of the United Nations to inform the policy development and priority setting by UN agencies involved in addressing HIV and injecting drug use. It draws on research examining the effectiveness of interventions to address HIV and injecting drug use and their impact in differing contexts around the world. The full report and summary of recommendations can be accessed at: www.idurefgroup.com as well as the UNAIDS, UNODC and WHO websites.

 

The Reference Group to the United Nations on HIV and Injecting Drug Use was established in 2002 and provides independent advice to the United Nations system on matters related to injecting drug use and HIV. The Group consists of experts from around the world and includes researchers, clinicians and representatives from civil society organisations.




    在2011年联合国艾滋高级会议即将召开之际,联合国艾滋与注射吸毒问题独立参照组呼吁成员国扩大以实施为基础的干预比例,解决注射吸毒人员的艾滋问题。虽然在很多国家,特别是东欧和亚洲,注射吸毒人员一直是艾滋感染率上升的主要原因之一,但是大部分注射吸毒者无法获得高质量的艾滋预防与治疗服务。据估计,全球约一千六百万注射吸毒者要求成员国政府致力于发展以实证与权利为基础的公共卫生,帮助注射吸毒人员获得普及的、高质量的艾滋预防与治疗,并修改对公共卫生与人权造成妨碍与破坏的惩罚性毒品政策。

参照组的具体呼吁如下:

1. 在抗击艾滋的过程中增强注射吸毒人员的参与。

2. 支持以公共卫生和人权为基础进行艾滋项目规划,承认对以生命救助为目标的艾滋防治是对包括注射吸毒人员在内的所有人权利的认可。

3. 立即实施世界卫生组织、联合国毒品和犯罪问题办公室以及联合国艾滋规划署所制定的九种注射吸毒人员艾滋干预技术指导.
4. 废除影响或阻碍以上九中干预方法实施的立法或政策。

5. 致力于结束对注射吸毒人员强制实施惩罚性法律。

6. 在毒品依赖治疗中增加相关的艾滋服务。

7. 致力于改善感染艾滋病毒的注射吸毒人员的健康环境。

8. 收集数据,增强注射吸毒人员对艾滋感染的应对。

    在各成员国积极准备2011年艾滋高级会议之际,参照组在此提醒大家回顾2010年制定的《共识声明》,本行动号召正是以该声明为基础而撰写的。阅读报告全文和建议概要请登录www.idurefgroup.com,或世界卫生组织、联合国毒品和犯罪问题办公室以及联合国艾滋规划署网站。

    联合国艾滋与注射吸毒问题独立参照组成立于2002年,该小组为联合国提供艾滋与毒品注射问题相关的独立的意见与建议。该小组由世界各国专家组成,其中包括研究人员、临床医生以及公民社会组织代表。


Asia Report 翻译

全文阅读: http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/9727221/446574509/name/HLM_statement%5B1%5D.pdf




In 2010 and 2011, 117 countries took stock of their progress towards Universal Access. Those assessments fed into multiple regional consultations. A multi-stakeholder International Advisory Group (IAG), mandated by the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board, reviewed the findings of countries and regions, as well as other global and regional studies and declarations. The IAG found overwhelming and ongoing support for the Universal Access movement. This diverse group endorsed the recommendations from these aggregate consultations and concluded that five global challenges are pivotal now. The IAG consensus does not extend to every detail of every response, but its collective perspective highlights where action is critical.

This important consensus statement has been prepared by an independent, high level group of expert stakeholders and is based on the work of thousands of people around the world as we prepare to renew global commitment to HIV at the High Level Meeting on AIDS (United Nations General Assembly, 8-10 June 2011) and beyond.

View the full statement in Arabic, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

Solidarity for Universal Access: the International Advisory Group consensus

Only history will be able to judge the impact AIDS has on humanity, but one thing is certain: the global response to this epidemic has changed the paradigm of economic and social development by identifying and acting on shared principles that are essential for success: HIV does not stand alone; partnerships are essential. Human rights are fundamental. The most affected communities must be at the centre. Traditional gender norms can be obstacles. Resource allocations and flows need rigorous coordination and mutual accountability. Young people will inherit the problems the current generation cannot solve.

A worldwide crisis requires worldwide mobilization, which 182 countries embraced in the United Nations General Assembly 2006 Political Declaration, aptly titled Universal Access. The premise is simple: when every nation achieves for all its populations Universal Access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, this epidemic will end.
In 2010 and 2011, 117 countries took stock of their progress towards Universal Access. Those assessments fed into multiple regional consultations. A multi-stakeholder International Advisory Group (IAG), mandated by the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board, reviewed the findings of countries and regions, as well as other global and regional studies and declarations. The IAG found overwhelming and ongoing support for the Universal Access movement. This diverse group endorsed the recommendations from these aggregate consultations and concluded that five global challenges are pivotal now. The IAG consensus does not extend to every detail of every response, but its collective perspective highlights where action is critical.

HUMAN RIGHTS SAVE LIVES
No HIV response can be effective unless it combats discrimination and exclusion. Punitive laws and stigma against people living with HIV, men who have sex with men, transgender people, people who use drugs, sex workers and migrants undermine the programmes.

Girls and women are routinely denied their human rights. They have less access to education, nutrition, health care and economic opportunity than men. Many societies continue to tolerate or justify violence against girls and women.
Until the human rights of all people are protected, HIV will continue to spread. International human rights legal frameworks should be updated to include sexual rights. Regional and national mechanisms, from charters to legal services, should be used to provide access to justice for those whose rights are violated.

Parliamentarians, the judiciary, law enforcement, educators, media, and civil and religious leaders should be mobilized to build a culture of non-discrimination, tolerance and respect. UNAIDS should lead the development and use of a set of human rights indicators for national monitoring, accountability and budgeting. There must be zero tolerance of violence against girls and women. Homophobia must be fought. There must be zero tolerance of violence against gay and other men who have sex with men, and transgender people.

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT: TWO SIDES OF THE SAME COIN
Treatment has transformed AIDS from a death sentence into a challenge for lifelong care, giving hope, restoring productivity, and providing incentives for knowing your HIV status. It has created a new understanding of HIV prevention. Yet the costs of AIDS drugs remain too high and often are subject to narrow commercial interests. Tuberculosis (TB) is the biggest killer of people living with HIV, and viral hepatitis and other coinfections need to be addressed.

Prevention has fallen dangerously behind treatment because the causes of new infections - sexuality, gender inequalities, socioeconomic disparities and drug use - are hard to talk about, and hard to change. Stigma around these issues, and around HIV itself, continues to block support for and uptake of services. Well-designed prevention programmes work. Families and communities are central to their success. Countries and communities need to own their HIV responses and demand full implementation of proven strategies with ambitious targets.

Young people must have unfettered access to quality sexuality education and comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services. Harm-reduction services for HIV prevention need to be available for all people who use drugs. Every country should provide and promote access to continuous and comprehensive HIV treatment, as early as possible. Treatment services should be integrated with strengthened TB, sexual, reproductive and maternal health-care services. All countries should remove barriers to the manufacture, import and export of life-saving generic medications in order to lower the costs of treatment, and use all available mechanisms to achieve simpler, affordable, high-quality antiretroviral therapy. National programmes should bring combination prevention to scale. Cultural and religious differences should not deter the provision of life-saving services

INSPIRING LEADERS
Strong leaders have a clear vision and use all ethical technical and political means to achieve it. They take on difficult topics, seek evidence from stakeholders, and lead by example.
AIDS cuts across health, education, economics, justice, gender, religion, labour and politics worldwide, and in hyperendemic settings it intersects with agriculture, water, sanitation, transport, housing, culture and sport. Because of this diversity, informed leadership is needed not only in government, but also from civil society, affected communities, scientists, trade unions, the media, faith-based organizations and the private sector. Countries should invest in new and courageous leaders, especially young people, to drive coordinated partnerships that engage with the communities where AIDS hits hardest.

Leaders should challenge conventional wisdom and prejudices, promote fairness, and ensure that the voices of the marginalized and other minorities are heard. Programmes should be led by people who understand and use the power of inclusion and solidarity.

INVESTING AND RESOURCING: GETTING SMARTER
All current and future investments need to be based on evidence and allocated with the "know your epidemic, know your response" principle. If done correctly, this will deliver high-impact interventions, 'tipping point' strategies, and evidence-informed planning, all designed to yield the maximum return on investment: the end of AIDS.

Long-term responses need to be financed by domestic expenditures where possible, although there will always be a need and a role for international financing. More resources are required to scale up the response. Current and new donors should review and increase their contributions to The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and other innovative financing mechanisms. UNAIDS should lead the development of a long-term (20-year) global investment and financing strategy, identifying the key elements, and the most cost-effective and efficient ways to fund them. Countries need to develop and apply evidence-informed investment criteria and tools to support the most effective and efficient use of resources at community and national levels. National AIDS authorities should require all partners, domestic and international, to adhere to these criteria in order to maximize value for money.

SHARED ACCOUNTABILITY
Thousands of people and organizations are involved in Universal Access at all levels. With so many resources on the line and so many millions of lives at stake, stronger systems are needed to monitor and account for how human and financial resources are deployed, and to measure their impact. National programmes must include people living with HIV and those most at risk in decision-making. They have the biggest stake in effective HIV programming; they know what is working, what is not, and why. Governments should be responsible and accountable for allocating resources where they are most needed, and for monitoring the impact of investments on achieving national targets aligned with global indicators.

Recognized government authorities, such as parliaments, should exercise their oversight functions by calling for regular reporting from governmental, civil society and international partners in their national responses. The United Nations General Assembly should continue to hold biennial reporting on progress towards Universal Access. Regional economic and political communities should also hold routine reviews of progress until Universal Access is achieved.
Only global solidarity on these issues will change the trajectory of the epidemic and lead to:
Zero new infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths.

CO-CHAIRS:
Paul De Lay, Deputy Executive Director, UNAIDS
Bathabile Dlamini, Minister of Social Development, Republic of South Africa

MEMBERS:
Aleksandra Blagojevic, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Switzerland
Pamela Bolton, Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria, USA
Hafedh Chekir, United Nations Population Fund, Arab States Regional Office, Egypt
Michaela Clayton, AIDS & Rights Alliance for Southern Africa/UNAIDS Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights, Namibia
José Angel Córdova Villalobos, Secretary of Health, Mexico
Clifton Cortez, United Nations Development Programme, Asia Pacific Regional Centre, Thailand
Kieran Daly, International Council of AIDS Service Organizations, Canada
Mary Guinn Delaney, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Bureau of Education, Chile
Lucica Ditiu, Stop TB Partnership, Switzerland
Nicole Fraser-Hurt, The World Bank, USA
Loon Gangte, International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, India
Javier Hourcade Bellocq, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Argentina
Marie Laga, Institute of Tropical Medicine/Scientific Advisory Panel for the High Level Commission on HIV Prevention, Belgium
Innocent Laison, African Council of AIDS Service Organizations, Senegal
Kyomya Macklean, Women's Organization Network for Human Rights Advocacy, Uganda
Ian McKnight, Caribbean Vulnerable Communities Coalition, Jamaica
Ren Minghui, Ministry of Health, China
Amirreza Moradi, Iranian Positive Life, Iran
Svitlana Moroz, All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS/ Civil Society Task Force for the HLM, Ukraine
Mia Amor Mottley, Member of Parliament, Barbados
Zuzanna Muskat-Gorska, International Trade Union Confederation, Belgium
Litha Musyimi Ogana, African Union Commission, Ethiopia
Alloys Orago, National AIDS Control Council, Kenya
Vadim Pokrovsky, Russian AIDS Centre, Russian Federation
Peter Prove, Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance, Switzerland
Nadia Rafif, Fight Against AIDS Association/UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board NGO, Morocco
Milinda Rajapaksha, South Asian Regional Youth Network/International Planned Parenthood Foundation, Sri Lanka
Yves Souteyrand, World Health Organization, Switzerland
Papa Salif Sow, African Network for Care of People Living with HIV/AIDS, Senegal
Elhadj As Sy, United Nations Children's Fund, Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, Kenya
Jérôme Traoré, Minister of Justice, Burkina Faso
Marijke Wijnroks, AIDS Ambassador, Netherlands
Georgina Theodora Wood, Chief Justice, Ghana

The challenges highlighted by the IAG can be explored in detail in the reports of country and regional Universal Access consultations and the Report of the UN Secretary-General: Uniting for universal access: towards zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths (March 2011). All documents can be accessed at www.unaids.org
For further information on the IAG and universal access please contact Richard Burzynski: burzynskir@unaids.org


原文链接: HTTP://UNAIDSPCBNGO.ORG/?P=13361



     117
个国家在2010年和2011年间相继对普及治疗所取得的进步进行评估,并将评估结果加入多地区磋商中。一个由联合国艾滋规划署(UNAIDS)项 目协调委员会授权的包括多个利益相关群体组成的国际咨询小组(IAG-International Advisory Group)回顾了各个国家与地区的成果以及其它国际与地区相关研究和声明。IAG最终发现了全球正掀起巨大的地、持续地支持普及治疗的运动。

   通过总结各 地的磋商结果,该咨询小组总结出目前五个对全球至关重要的挑战:

  • 人权拯救生命(HUMAN RIGHTS SAVE LIVES
  • 预防与治疗--一枚硬币的两面 TWO SIDES OF THE SAME COIN
  • 启发领导者们(INSPIRING LEADERS
  • 更富有智慧的融资与投资(INVESTING AND RESOURCING: GETTING SMARTER
  • 分担义务与责任(SHARED ACCOUNTABILITY

     IAG共识并未对个别建议进行单独回应,而是针对关键领域的实践给出总体的观点。

    本声明由一群独立的、高端的专家组成的利益相关群体、以世界各地成千上万人共同的努力下制定并在此发布,为在即将召开的艾滋高级会议(201168-11日联合国大会)重申全球抗艾决心而做好充分的准备。


Asia Report 翻译

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